Category Archives: philosophy

Two Objections to Inferring a Personal Cause of the Universe

The Problem

The kalam cosmological argument proceeds in three stages:  first, it provides evidence that the universe had a beginning. Second, it maintains that the universe had a cause and that this cause must have existed in a spaceless, timeless, immaterial state. Third, it gives reasons for why the cause was a personal agent. [The kalam argument also presupposes a “relational” and “A-theory” of time[1]]

In today’s post, I will consider one of the reasons why William Lane Craig (1991) thinks a personal cause is the best explanation for Continue reading Two Objections to Inferring a Personal Cause of the Universe

Does Quantum Physics Undercut the Kalam Argument?

The Objection from Quantum Physics

In a previous post, I argued that the causal premise in the Kalam Cosmological Argument gains support from an Aristotelian understanding of possibility and actuality. We discovered that if the universe began to exist, then it must have been possible for it to begin to exist. Such a possibility is best understood as a potentiality or power residing in an actual thing – namely, a cause.

In today’s post, I’d like to address an objection to the idea that whatever begins to exist has a cause. By far, the most common objection is that Continue reading Does Quantum Physics Undercut the Kalam Argument?

Tackling the Kalam Cosmological Argument


The Kalam cosmological argument is an argument for the existence of God defended most notably by William Lane Craig, research professor of Philosophy at Talbot School of Theology. The argument has its roots in Islamic philosophy and can be stated as follows [1] :


The purpose of this blog post is to focus on the premise (1) by providing a succinct defence of it and then responding to some objections. Continue reading Tackling the Kalam Cosmological Argument

What’s Behind It All? God, Science and the Universe

Here is the video of a debate recently attended at the University of Toronto on the question of cosmic and biological origins.  The three speakers in the debate were Lawrence Krauss (atheism), Stephen Meyer (intelligent design), and Denis Lamoureux (theistic evolution), and there were well over 1000 people (some hostile) in attendance during its filming in Convocation Hall, at Wycliff College. I hope you enjoy it!

Seeking But Not Believing: 4 Ways to Search for a Hidden God

Confirming Evidence in the Domain of Religion

For those of you interested in the topic of confirming evidence, particularly as it relates to evidence for religion and for competing views like naturalism, this lecture series is for you.  Dr. Phillip Wiebe is an expert on this subject and has done some great work on religious experience, specifically Christic Visions, Spirits, and the Shroud of Turin.  He is also my former logic professor!Phil-page-001